3 cups of coffee is the key to longer life

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3 cups of coffee is the key to longer life

Drinking coffee boosts your health. And, decaf has a similar effect too!

OK so being a mum in business, juggling business with the kid’s antics, coffee is often a saviour, some may even say it’s a guilty pleasure. And last night we had NO SLEEP due to an anxious pre-teen not sleeping so today coffee really is my saviour so after seeing this news, I was delighted to be able to abandon the lifelong quest to drink lemon water first thing in the morning and reach for the coffee.

A landmark study from the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and Imperial College London has found that People who drink around three cups of coffee a day may live longer than non-coffee drinkers.

It’s the largest study of its kind, in which scientists analysed data from over half a million people across 10 European countries, including the UK, France, Denmark and Italy, to explore the effect of coffee consumption on risk of mortality.

They found that higher levels of coffee consumption were associated with a reduced risk of death from all causes, especially from circulatory diseases and diseases related to the digestive tract. Women are 7% more likely to live longer.

An estimated 2.25 billion cups of coffee are consumed around the world each day. Coffee contains a number of compounds including caffeine and antioxidants, which can positively interact with the body.

“We found that higher coffee consumption was associated with a lower risk of death from any cause, and specifically for circulatory diseases, and digestive diseases”

said lead author Dr Marc Gunter of the IARC and formerly at Imperial’s School of Public Health.

“Importantly, these results were similar across all of the 10 European countries, with variable coffee drinking habits and customs. Our study also offers important insights into the possible mechanisms for the beneficial health effects of coffee.”

Using data from the EPIC study (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition), the group analysed data from 521,330 people from over the age of 35 from 10 EU countries. Their diets were assessed using questionnaires and interviews, with the highest level of coffee consumption (by volume) reported in Denmark (900 mL per day) and lowest in Italy (approximately 92 mL per day). Those who drank more coffee were also more likely to be younger, to be smokers, drinkers, eat more meat and less fruit and veg.

After 16 years of follow up, almost 42,000 people in the study had died from a range of conditions including cancer, circulatory diseases, heart failure and stroke. Following careful statistical adjustments for lifestyle factors such as diet and smoking, the researchers found that the group with the highest consumption of coffee had a lower risk for all-causes of death, compared to those who did not drink coffee.

They found that decaffeinated coffee had a similar effect, although consumption of caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee is not simple to separate, as they could not exclude that decaffeinated coffee drinkers may have been consuming caffeinated coffee as well in different periods of their life.

In a subset of 14,000 people, they also analysed metabolic biomarkers, and found that coffee drinkers may have healthier livers overall and better glucose control than non-coffee drinkers. Dr Gunter explained:

“We found that drinking more coffee was associated with a more favourable liver function profile and immune response, this, along with the consistency of the results with other studies in the U.S. and Japan gives us greater confidence that coffee may have beneficial health effects.”

Professor Elio Riboli, head of the School of Public Health at Imperial, who established the EPIC study, said:

“These findings add to a growing body of evidence which indicates that drinking coffee not only is safe, but it may actually have a protective health effect for people. While further research is needed, we can be confident that the results from a large European study confirm previous findings seen around the world.”

Dr Gunter added:

“Due to the limitations of observational research, we are not at the stage of recommending people to drink more or less coffee. That said, our results suggest that moderate coffee drinking – up to around three cups per day – is not detrimental to your health, and that incorporating coffee into your diet could have health benefits.”

The study was funded by the European Commission Directorate General for Health and Consumers and the IARC.

I’ve had two cups so far, ready for another?

 

 

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